Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) in which ‘Ankylosis’ means fused bones and ‘Spondylitis’ means inflammation in your spinal bones or vertebrae. The most common feature is “Bamboo Spine” which makes your spine stiff and cause you pain. It is a rare type of arthritis usually start in your lower back and gradually spread over neck and other joints like shoulder, hands and feet. In long run, it can also affects your eyes and heart valves.
Who are at risk?
Sex- Men are at higher risk of having AS then women.
Age-Ankylosing Spondylitis onset at 35-40 yrs of age.
What leads you “AS” ?
The cause of ankylosing spondylitis is not sure yet, but it relate to your gene that makes a protein called HLA-B27. Most of people develop “AS” due to this protein, but not all of them.
What are the symptoms?
Before going on to the symptoms, first you should know which areas of your body are affected-
-Lower Back (L3-L4)
Symptoms you notice are-
~You have severe backache and stiffness, your pain worsens in the morning and after a long period of inactivity
~Swelling in your joints because of inflammation
~Rigid Spine also called as “Bamboo Spine” that curves forwards and cause neck protrusion
~You might have difficulty in breathing because of joint fusion
How to diagnose?
Your examiner will check range of motions of your spine, pain by pressing over particular joints and they might ask you to take deep breaths to check breathing patterns, and also by assessing your posture.
Imaging tools include-
X-ray- In this joints fusions are seen which confirms “Ankylosing Spondylitis”
How to manage?
-There is no complete treatment of “AS” as it is a deformity which cannot be reversed, the most could be done is to delay the complications and relieve symptoms by reducing pain.
-Physical therapy treatment would help you to decrease your pain and increase strength and flexibility. It includes-
1. Heat Therapy-Heating Pads can be applied on stiff joints to relieve pain.
2. ROM i.e range of motion exercises of spine which include bending forwards, backwards and sideways with spinal rotations.
3. Stretching exercises to be done to maintain flexibility and good posture.
Lifestyle Modifications are also be done to ease your symptoms and these are-
*Exercise Daily and stay active
*Keep your weight normal
*Avoid smoking and tobacco
*Manage your stress by Yoga and Meditation
If you are already performed all the above things but won’t have much relive in your conditions then consults to a nearby doctor! Or you can consult us we have free Consultations for you!