Plantar Fasciitis as the name indicates that it is the condition in which there is inflammation of the plantar fascia (thick band of tissue that runs across the bottom of your foot and connects your heel bone to your toes). It is also one of the most common cause of heel pain. This condition is most common in runners, overweight individuals and in those who does not wear shoes with adequate supports.
What are the causes?
– Common in sports involve running, long distance walking, tennis players, basketball, dancers and non athletics whose occupation requires prolonged standing.
-Flat Feet and High arched feet- it puts more stress on your plantar fascia and thereby causes inflammation.
-Tight Calf muscles- If your calf is too tight then it may cause inflammation in your plantar fascia.
Age- plantar fasciitis is most common between the ages of 40 and 60.
Foot Mechanics-If you have foot problems like high arched or flat feet then you are more prone.
Weight Issues- If you weigh more than normal, then you might have chance of heel pain.
Occupations that keep you on your feet. Factory workers, teachers and others who spend most of their work hours walking or standing on hard surfaces can damage the plantar fascia.
What Symptoms you would have ?
*The most common clinical presentation you have is heel pain which is more towards inferior and medial side of the heel.
*You experience stabbing kind of pain in your heel. Pain and stiffness worse in the morning.
* Your pain will increases after prolonged standing, ambulation and stair climbing and also due to toe standing.
How to evaluate Plantar fasciitis?
1. History and Examination
2. Assessment of Foot- check for high arched , flat foot, presence of tight Achilles tendon
3. Squeeze Test of calcaneal tuberosity- to evaluate the possibility of calcaneus stress fracture
4. Evaluation of possible training errors in runners- like improper shoes, poor running technique and etc.
How to cure?
-Treatment like rest and icing will decrease your symptoms
-Ultrasonic Therapy- it will promote healing and reduces inflammation, if you daily take 8-10 mins session of ultrasound then you surely have improvement in your condition.
-Gentle stretches can help relieve and even prevent plantar fasciitis. Stretching your calves and the plantar fascia itself helps loosen your muscles and reduce heel pain.
-Strengthening exercises of foot muscle-
1.Place the towel on floor and then try to collect the towel using your toes, repeat it for 10-15 mins
2. Keep the soft playing ball below your foot and try to roll over that ball, repeat for 5-10 mins
*Wear proper footwear that have arch supports and cushioned heel
*Avoid prolonged standing and long distance running
*Perform stretching exercises daily
If you had already try this and won’t have any relief, then consult to nearby doctor or if having any query regarding your condition then, consult us without any charges.