Are You Diabetic?

 Are You Diabetic?

Are you Diabetic?


Lets understand!

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that causes high blood sugar. The key player of this disease is the insulin hormone which helps in moving sugar from the blood into the cells to be stored or also helps for energy. In diabetes, your body does not use insulin effectively or does not make enough insulin.

Ignorant diabetes affects major organs like the kidney, eyes, nerves, and other organs.

There are different types of diabetes such as :

  1. Gestational diabetes: This diabetes occurs during pregnancy, the hormone insulin produced by the placenta and cause this diabetes.
  2. Type I diabetes: insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile-onset diabetes occurs when the body’s immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells responsible for the formation of insulin in the body that regulates blood glucose. This form of diabetes usually affects children and young adults.
  3. Type II diabetes: This is none insulin-dependent diabetes Mellitus or adult-onset diabetes. It begins as insulin resistance, a disorder in which cells do not use insulin properly.
  4. Other types
  •  Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults – It is a form of autoimmune(Type -I ) diabetes diagnosed in individuals who are older than the usual age of onset. Generally, seen in about 25 years of age.
  • Maturity onset diabetes of young – It is a monogenic form of diabetes that is present in young generally in less than 25 years of age and usually have features of type II diabetes.

Symptoms :  

  •     Polydipsia
  •     Polyphasic
  •     Polyuria
  •     Vision disturbance
  •     Weight loss

The long term levels of diabetes mellitus include: 

  •      Retinopathy
  •      Neuropathy
  •      Nephropathy
  •      Blindness
  •      Foot ulcers

People with diabetes increased risk of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, vascular.

In most severe cases form ketoacidosis may develop which leads to shock with stupor, coma, and eventually death.

Diagnosis :

  1. Blood glucose level: It is a blood test that tells in which stage your diabetes as :
  • Prediabetes: This is used to distinguish people who are at a high risk of developing diabetes.
  • Impaired fasting glucose is a condition in which fasting sugar is elevated and after an overnight fast, but it is not enough to be classified as diabetes.
  • Impaired Glucose tolerance is a condition in which blood sugar level is elevated after 2 hours of oral diet, but is not classified as diabetes.

      2. Urine sugar examination is also a technique from which you can be aware of diabetes.

      3. HbA1c Test: This test measures the average glucose level of the last 3 months.

Want to know, How to prevent yourself?

  • Lifestyle modification
  • Moderate-intensity physical activity, which includes 2.5 hours of walking every week.


  • Diet and Exercise
  •   Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs
  •   Insulin Therapy

Diet and exercise: Diet is a basic management in every case. Treatment is not effective unless attention is given to the appropriate nutrition.

Dietary aim:

  • Providing Nutritional requirement
  • Controlling weight
  • Allowing good glycemic control
  • Correcting blood lipid abnormalities


  •  Together with dietary treatment, a program of regular exercise and physical activity must be incorporated.
  • These programs depend on individual health status and fitness.
  • Physical activity promotes weight reduction and improves insulin sensitivity.
  • People should be educated about the risk of hypoglycemia.

We will guide you how to control your blood sugar level and provide you tips that you can start at your home in our next section.


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THANKYOU for your reading time.



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