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Know More About Osteoporosis!

 Know More About Osteoporosis!

Osteoporosis

What is that? Confused picture of a child

So, read about it!

Osteo – Bone

Porous – Porosity (reduction in mineral density)

Osteoporosis makes the bone weak and brittle in such a way that bending, coughing causes a fracture. It is the commonest disease in the world. Osteoporosis occurred due to an unknown cause rather than the process of aging. This also occurs in postmenopausal women due to the deficiency of estrogen hormone. Common in old patients whose age is more than 75 years. Sometimes, due to some other known cause for the development of osteoporosis. It can develop at a younger age, too.

What happens in this disease?

Normally, your bone is in a continuous state of regeneration, the formation of new bone, and degeneration of the old bone.

At a younger age, new bones form at a faster rate than the degeneration, this makes good bone mass, but, after the 20s the process slows down, and the maximum bone mass occurs at 30, as we get older the process of degeneration gets faster than formation.

Are you looking to prevent it? Read it further!

Causes are :

  • Due to some endocrine dysfunction like thyroid
  • By the effects of some drugs.
  • Malabsorption of the calcium and vitamin D.
  • Lack of activity.
  • Diseases such as cancer, arthritis.
  • Postmenopausal, lack of estrogen.

Eliminate the risk to stay fit. But, are you at risk?

  • Aging – Females >45 years, 

                      – Males >75 years

  • Gender – female is more common.
  • Lean and thin body.
  • Habits such as excessive use of alcohol, caffeine, and smoking.
  • A sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercises.

Dietary factors : 

  • Eating disorder, restrictions in food intake keeps you underweight and make you prone to osteoporosis.
  • Low calcium intake, avoidance of dairy products reduces the mineral density of your bone and makes weak
  • Any surgery which reduces the size of the stomach or removal of the intestine reduces the reabsorption of nutrition that weakens the bone.

Medical conditions : 

  • Kidney disorders
  • Rheumatic disorders
  • Myeloma
  • Cancer
  • Liver diseases

Symptoms

  • Osteoporosis is also known as the silent disease, which means we remain unaware of the symptom at the early stage.
  • Progressive height loss
  • Hump posture
  • Low Back pain
  • Fracture of the hip bone

Examination:

  • Lab investigation

Serum calcium, vitamin D, alkaline phosphatase, thyroid, ESR

  • X-ray examination

            Long bones, joints, etc

  • Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry 

It provides the best possible details of Bone mineral density.

Prevention :

  • Good dietary supplements of calcium and vitamin D like fish, eggs, bajra, etc.
  • Ensure adequate sunlight exposure for vitamin D.
  • Lifestyle modifications such as regular exercises.

Correction :

  1. Bisphosphonate
  2. Hormone replacement therapy
  3. Supplements of calcium and vitamin D 

STAY FIT & EAT HEALTHY!!!
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THANKYOU for your reading time.

 

 

 

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