Pain can be defined as a protector, a predictor or sometimes hassle.

Pain is more than just a feeling of discomfort. It can affect the way you feel overall. It may also lead to mental health conditions like depression and anxiety. The amount of pain you experience can tell your doctor a lot about your overall health

We may feel more or less pain depending upon our activity, mood, sleep pattern, and hunger. We all have experienced pain to greater or lesser degrees at various points of our life. Our pain perception can vary at different times even at identical stimulus. 

It’s an unpleasant sensation in the body actual or perceived injury to the body tissue and may produce emotional or physical reactions. Mechanics behind pain are to protect our body from harm which can be caused by certain actions.We will be able to differentiate which action has to perform and what to avoid. 


The treatment of pain depends on its cause and the overall health of the individual affected. The primary goal of pain treatment is to return the patient to optimal function. 

Treatments of pain can be classified as either non-medical or medical.

To make it simple, pain is classified in two different categories:

  • Acute pain

  • Chronic Pain

Acute Pain is of sudden onset and is usually the result of a clearly defined cause such as an injury. Acute pain resolves with the healing of its underlying cause.

Chronic Pain persists for weeks or months and is usually associated with underlying conditions. The severity of chronic pain can be mild, moderate or severe.

The treatment of pain is guided by the history of the pain, its intensity, duration, aggravating and relieving factors, and structures involved in causing the pain. 

In order for a structure to cause pain, it must have a neural connection, be susceptible to injury, and stimulation of the structure should cause pain. 

There are various sources of pain, commonly divided into two broad categories 

  • Nociceptive Pain

  • Neuropathic Pain

Nociceptive Pain is a result of any injury or trauma for example a cut or broken bones. Tissue injury initiates signals that are transferred to the brain through the spinal cord. 

The secret is pain always travels through pathways via the spinal cord.This makes us aware that something is hurting.

 

Neuropathic Pain is if you experience pain that is caused by some damage or infection in neural tissues. It’s not necessary that every pain has some source, sometimes it may occur spontaneously. 

Pain is the most common reason when we approach physicians for relief. Pain management has a role in identifying the precise source of the problem and isolating the optimal treatment. 

Key pain management strategies include:

  • pain-relieving medicines

  • physical therapies such as heat or cold packs, massage, hydrotherapy and exercise

  • psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques and meditation

  • mind and body techniques such as acupuncture

  • occupational therapy

When it comes to pain relief, you may be surprised by what might help you feel better.

  • Willow bark- People have been using willow bark to ease inflammation, the cause of most aches and pains, for centuries.

  • Cloves- Whole cloves are often used to spice up meat and rice dishes.

  • Acupuncture

  • Heat and ice

Manage Chronic Pain Without Medication

  • Regular exercise: Exercise may be the last thing on your mind when you’re in pain.

  • Integrative medicine techniques: These techniques – which include yoga, tai chi and acupuncture – tap into the mind-body connection.

  • Stress management: There is a strong connection in the brain between stress and pain.

Natural pain relief herbs

  • Lavender essential oil. Inhaling lavender essential oil may help relieve pain and anxiety

  • Rosemary essential oil

  • Peppermint essential oil

  • Eucalyptus essential oil

  • Cloves

  • Capsaicin

  • Ginger

  • Feverfew

Here, we’ve listed eight techniques to control and reduce your pain that don’t require an invasive procedure or even taking a pill.

  • Cold and heat

  • Exercise

  • Physical therapy and occupational therapy

  • Mind-body techniques

  • Yoga

  • Biofeedback
  • Music therapy

  • Therapeutic massage

Effective pain control improves the individual’s state of mind and ability to move through the healing process. There are a variety of options for pain control, and doctors work toward addressing side effects that can occur with pain medications.

 

Morphine and morphine-like drugs (such as oxycodone, fentanyl and buprenorphine) are the strongest painkillers. Depending on your individual circumstances, these types of painkiller may be prescribed as a patch, an injection, or sometimes in a pump you control yourself.

 

Physiotherapy treatment to relieve your pain may include soft tissues massage and stretching to relieve tension and spasm, joint mobilizations, acupuncture, electrotherapy, corrective exercise, posture awareness, and advice on how to overcome pain in your daily activities.

Pain-relief treatments such as heat or ice packs, TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) machines, massage, manipulation, cupping, acupuncture or taping.

Patients want to do more than mask the pain. Physical therapists treat pain through movement while partnering with patients to improve or maintain their mobility and quality of life.

Minor injuries you might expect 2-3 sessions of physiotherapy; soft tissue injuries you would be looking more towards 6 – 8 weeks, as this is roughly how long it takes for soft tissue to heal in most cases; and more chronic or serious conditions taking 2 or more months of treatment depending on the level of progress.

There’s an enormous body of research supporting the use of physiotherapy for treating musculoskeletal problems. For example, dozens of studies have demonstrated that physiotherapy can help with joint injuries and pain relating to the back, neck, shoulder, knee wrist and ankle.