What do you know about Rickets?
Rickets is a bony disorder that occurs due to a lack of vitamin D, Calcium, and Phosphorus. There are important elements for the growth of our healthy bones. Rickets people show soft bones, malnourished, stunted growth, and severe cases cause structural deformities.
Vitamin D helps in the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the Intestines and reabsorption from the kidney. Sources to get vitamin D is Sunlight. You can also get it from the milk and it’s a by-product, food of animal origin like meat, fish, etc.
The deficiency of Vitamin D brings the difficulty to maintain a sufficient amount of nutrition. If this occurs our bone produces several hormones to release calcium and Phosphate to get the nutrition. When your bones lack this mineral it will become brittle.
Rickets is commonly found at the age of 16 months -36 months. It is most common among children because they’re at the growing stage. Children who do not drink milk, vegetarian, live with little sunlight, sometimes due to heredity.
Rickets is most common in developing countries. Least common in developed countries due to the availability of fortified foods rickets?
Your Child is at risk of developing rickets?
- If you live in a region where the exposure to sunlight is poor
- An exclusive breastfeeding infant with the mother suffering from osteomalacia.
- People who live in Africa, Pacific Island are more prone due to the darkened color of the skin. Dark skin does not react with sunlight.
- Any kind of kidney problems
- Allergic from dairy products and pure vegetarian
What are the symptoms?
-Delayed tooth formation
– Defective enamel
– Defect in tooth structure
– Dental cavities
- Long bones deformities
– Knock knee
– Bow knee
– History of greenstick fracture
Take the action, or consult us now if your child is showing any of the symptoms and get it treated during a growth period of the child to prevent the child from short stature.
How to diagnose rickets?
–By checking the bone tenderness, pain, by doing some physical examination. Certain test to help in diagnosis as follows
- A blood test to check the level of vitamin D and alkaline phosphatase.
- XRay to check bony deformities.
How to treat rickets?
Treatment is based on replacing the missing nutrients, vitamins in the body. This will help in eliminating most of the symptoms, Exposure to the sunlight, consume food that is high in vitamin D.
If the skeletal deformities are here your child may require braces. In severe cases, surgery may be required.
How to prevent rickets?
The best way to prevent this is to eat a diet with good amounts of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus.
People with kidney disorders need regular monitoring for the level of phosphorus and calcium.
Rickets can also be prevented by good exposure to sunlight. Some adults use sunscreen to prevent damage to the skin. Sometimes, this prevents your skin absorbing vitamin D.
Thank you for reading!