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Three pillars of ayurveda!!

 Three pillars of ayurveda!!

              THREE PILLARS OF AYURVEDA!!

           

With the very first day of my connection with ayurveda, these three words –VATA, PITTA, and KAPHA became not only mine but unwillingly every ayurveda aspirant’s best friend.

We all have seen…No building can withstand without pillars!!!

VATA, PITTA, and KAPHA are those toughest and most important pillars of ayurveda. Whole pathophysiology and treatment principles revolve around these pillars. It is one of the key diagnostic tools in the hands of ayurvedic practitioner.

Before briefing these pillars one should be clear about the fact and we could understand that there is no such direct translation of ayurvedic terminologies. We can merely correlate according to their characteristics.

  •   VATA –  It is vayu. Now what does vayu mean – the thing which flows and helps things to be transported. Now without air life cannot sustain so as with vata in our body. Vata is that pillar on which PITT and KAPHA are dependent.

    >  QUALITIES

  1.       Laghu (lightness)
  2.       Sheet(coldness)
  3.       Ruksha (roughness)
  4.       Chala (motility)
  5.       Vishad(clearness/clear the channels in body)

SITE IN BODY

  1.       Lower 1/3rd of body
  2.       Bones are the major site of vata

OBJECTIVE

  1.       Controller of the metabolic processes in our body
  2.       Controls the mind
  3.       Motility
  4.       From ingestion to excretion, the nervous system to the reproductive system, vata plays a vital role.

It gets exaggerated in -rainy season; late evening and night; after the digestion of food we eat.

CARDINAL SIGN: Pain

TREATMENT PRINCIPLE: Patient is advised to take medication, eat food items and some modifications in lifestyle opposite to vata feaures. BASTI (ENEMA) is prescribed as panchakarma therapy.

  •   PITTA –  It can be correlated with agni. Now what does this agni do – paka (digestion). Now this pitta is responsible for paka in our body.

  QUALITIES

  1.       Sasneha (less greasy)
  2.       Ushna ( hot)
  3.       Tikshna (sharp)
  4.       Laghu (lightness)
  5.       Visram ( foul)
  6.       Sara ( slippery)
  7.       Amla & katu (sour & pungent)

SITE IN BODY

  1.       Middle 1/3rd of the trunk
  2.       Where there is temperature in body there must be involvement of pitta

OBJECTIVE

  1.       Sharpness of eye
  2.       Digestion
  3.       Heat
  4.       Thirst
  5.       Charm on face
  6.       Intelligence

It gets exaggerated in spring season, mid-day, midnight and while taking your meal.

CARDINAL SIGN: Temperature

 TREATMENT PRINCIPLE: Medication, food habits and lifestyle is managed according to the qualities of pitta. VIRECHAN ( PURGATION) is prescribed in panchkarma therapy.

  •  KAPHA – It is fluid which contribute to aqueous medium and wetness to the body. 

   >  QUALITIES

  1.       Guru (heaviness)
  2.       Sheet (coldness)
  3.       Mridu ( softness )
  4.       Snigdh ( unctuousness )
  5.       Madhur ( sweet )
  6.       Sthir ( stable )
  7.       Pichhil ( cloudy)

SITE IN BODY

  1.       Upper 1/3rd of body
  2.       Where there is fluidity in the body there must be involvement of kapha.

OBJECTIVE

  1.       Binding
  2.       Stability
  3.       Perception of taste
  4.       Power

It gets exaggerated in autumn season (vasant), early morning and late evening, and before meal.

CARDINAL SIGN: Fluid

TREATMENT PRINCIPLE: Medication, food habits and lifestyle is managed according to the qualities of KAPHA. VAMAN is advised as panchakarma therapy.

I hope this give you a basic idea about the nature of these pillars and you all can self examine them to some extent!

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